Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers. How quickly a cancer spreads will vary from patient to patient.
How long can testicular cancer go untreated?
But other cancers can form and grow undetected for 10 years or more, as one study found, making diagnosis and treatment that much more difficult. When cancer originates in one or both testes, a man can go a long time without any obvious signs or symptoms.
How do you know if testicular cancer has spread?
If testicular cancer has spread to other parts of your body, you may also experience other symptoms.
Symptoms of metastatic testicular cancer can include:
- a persistent cough.
- coughing or spitting up blood.
- shortness of breath.
- swelling and enlargement of male breasts.
- a lump or swelling in your neck.
- lower back pain.
Is Testicular Cancer aggressive?
An Aggressive, Yet Treatable Cancer
Testicular cancer is a rare malignancy, with only about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year. When the disease does strike, however, it can be highly aggressive. About two-thirds of patients are first diagnosed with disease that has spread, or metastasized.
Where is the first place testicular cancer spreads?
Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.
Can stage 4 testicular cancer be cured?
Testicular cancer usually can be cured if it is detected and treated early. However, this cancer can spread silently and quickly. This means that some men will not be diagnosed until the disease is in an advanced stage. At one time, testicular cancer could not be cured if it had spread beyond the testicles.
Can you live a long life after testicular cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for men diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for men with later-stage cancer.
How bad is testicular cancer pain?
Discomfort or pain in a testicle or the scrotum
Testicular cancer is not usually painful. But the first symptom for some men is a sharp pain in the testicle or scrotum. This happens in about 1 in 5 men (20%).
Do your balls hurt if you have testicular cancer?
Symptoms of testicular cancer may include: A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling.
What are the stages of testicular cancer?
There are 3 stages of testicular cancer: stages I, II, and III (1, 2, and 3). The stage provides a common way of describing how advanced the cancer is so that doctors can work together to plan the best treatment.
Should I be scared of testicular cancer?
If you have one of these signs, seeking help as soon as possible is very important. Symptoms to look out for are: A lump in the testicles that doesn’t cause pain; this is the most common symptom. Sometimes a tumor in the testicle can cause pain.
Do you lose weight with testicular cancer?
If the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body it may cause: pain in the back or lower abdomen. weight loss.
What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?
Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer
- A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
- Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
- A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
- Headache and confusion.
What is the average age for testicular cancer?
Testis cancer is most common in men in their late 20s and early 30s, with an average age of diagnosis of 33 years old. In fact, testis cancer is the most common malignancy among men 20 to 40 years old.
Is Stage 3 testicular cancer curable?
Treatment may be surgery (such as a retroperitoneal lymph node dissection) or chemo (using a different combination of drugs). A stage III non-seminoma tumor that remains after treatment is usually removed surgically, which may result in a cure.