Spinal meningitis is a potentially deadly infection of the meninges, the protective tissue covering the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by specific viruses, bacteria, or fungi that gets transmitted from person to person by sneezing, talking, kissing, or sharing food or drinks.15-Jun-2020
Is Spinal Meningitis curable?
Antibiotics can’t cure viral meningitis, and most cases improve on their own in several weeks. Treatment of mild cases of viral meningitis usually includes: Bed rest.
What happens if you have spinal meningitis?
Spinal meningitis is an infection of the fluid and membranes around the brain and spinal cord. Once infection starts, it can spread rapidly through the body. Without treatment it can cause brain damage in a matter of hours and can be fatal within 24 hours.
What is the survival rate of spinal meningitis?
One large study of adults with community-acquired bacterial meningitis reported an overall mortality rate of 21%, including a 30% mortality rate associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis and a 7% mortality rate for Neisseria meningitidis (2).
Where Is Spinal Meningitis most likely to be found?
Meningococcal disease occurs worldwide, with the highest incidence of disease found in the ‘meningitis belt’ of sub-Saharan Africa.
What are the long term effects of spinal meningitis?
Trouble with memory and concentration may last well after the illness has passed. Children may be left with lingering learning difficulties. Swelling in the brain can also interfere with the senses. It can cause ringing in the ears (tinnitus), partial hearing loss, or deafness.
How long can you have spinal meningitis?
Chronic meningitis is slowly developing meningitis that lasts 4 weeks or longer. Many infections and disorders that cause inflammation can cause chronic meningitis. Having a weakened immune system increases the risk of developing chronic meningitis.
Does spinal meningitis affect you later in life?
After effects. Meningitis and septicaemia can cause a range of disabilities and problems that can alter lives. After effects may be temporary or permanent, physical or emotional.
How long does it take to recover from spinal meningitis?
If you are diagnosed with viral meningitis, you will usually find that symptoms improve within a few days and most recover fully after one to four weeks.
Where does your back hurt with meningitis?
Back pain: Back pain caused by meningitis is typically made worse when you bend your legs close to your chest in a fetal position, though it can also be exacerbated by any change in position and it may be present all the time. Rash: Bacterial infections that cause meningitis can also cause a rash.
How long do you stay in hospital with meningitis?
People with meningitis may need to stay in hospital for a few days, and in certain cases treatment may be needed for several weeks. Even after going home, it may be a while before you feel completely back to normal.
Is there a vaccine for spinal meningitis?
Meningococcal meningitis is a serious disease that causes inflammation in the brain and spinal cord. You can prevent it by getting the meningococcal vaccine. There are three types: Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4): Menactra (MenACWY-DT) and Menveo (MenACWY-CRM)
Where is meningitis commonly found?
Meningococcal meningitis is observed worldwide but the highest burden of the disease is in the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa, stretching from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east. Around 30 000 cases are still reported each year from that area.
How long can you have meningitis without knowing?
Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.
What age group is most susceptible to meningitis?
Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease. Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence.